The GLOBE books represent results from a twenty-year research program investigating the influence of culture on societal and organizational effectiveness. Our latest book showcases our examination of strategic leadership effectiveness for top-level management based on data from more than 1,000 CEOs and over 6,000 top-level managers in 24 countries.

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Scholarly Publications


Alipour, A. (2019). The conceptual difference really matters: Hofstede vs GLOBE’s uncertainty avoidance and the risk-taking behavior of firms. Cross Cultural & Strategic Management. Published online ahead of print
doi: 10.1108/CCSM-04-2019-0084


Crede, M., Jong, J., & Harms, P. (2019). The generalizability of transformational leadership across cultures: A meta-analysis.Journal of Managerial Psychology, 34(3), 139-155. doi:10.1108/JMP-11-2018-0506

Doering, T., De Jong, J., & Suresh, N. (2019). Performance effects of supply chain integration: The relative impacts of two competing national culture frameworks.Cogent Business & Management,6(1)

Galanaki, E., Papagiannakis, G., & Rapti, A. (2019). Good is not good, when better is expected: Discrepancies between ideal and actual collectivism and their effect on organizational commitment. European Management Review, doi:10.1111/emre.12347

Karacay, G., Bayraktar, S., Kabasakal, H., & Dastmalchian, A. (2019). Role of leaders as agents of negotiation for counterbalancing cultural dissonance in the middle east and north africa region. Journal of International Management,25(4), 100704. doi:10.1016/j.intman.2019.100704

Lang, R., & Rybnikova, I. (2019). Corporate Social Responsibility Values in Transforming Societies: Are There Country-, Status-, and Hierarchy-Based Differences? In Nedelko, Z., & Brzozowski, M. (Eds.): Recent Advances in the Roles of Cultural and Personal Values in Organizational Behavior (Chapter 7) (pp. 129-152). IGI Global Hershey.
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1013-1.ch007

Lang, R., Čater, T., & Steger, T. (2019). Culturally endorsed leadership expectations of students from Slovenia and Germany. In Rozman, R., Stare, A., & Sprajc, P. (Eds.): Izprane Tema Managementa in Organizacije. Monografiija v spomin na prof. Jureta Kovaca (pp. 44-58). Slovenian Academy of Management Ljubljana & University of Maribor.

Muralidharan, E., & Pathak, S. (2019). Consequences of cultural leadership styles for social entrepreneurship: A theoretical framework. Sustainability, 11(4), 965. doi:10.3390/su11040965

Ollier‐Malaterre, A., Haar, J. M., Sunyer, A., & Russo, M. (2019). Supportive organizations, Work–Family enrichment, and job burnout in low and high humane orientation cultures. Applied Psychology, doi:10.1111/apps.12217

Raza, S. H., Bakar, H. A., & Mohamad, B. (2019).The effects of advertising appeals on consumers' behavioural intention towards global brands The mediating role ofattitude and the moderating role of uncertainty avoidance. Journal of Islamic Marketing. DOI 10.1108/JIMA-11-2017-0134.

Salin, D., Cowan, R., Adewumi, O., Apospori, E., Bochantin, J., D’Cruz, P., . . . Zedlacher, E. (2019). Workplace bullying across the globe: A cross-cultural comparison. Personnel Review, 48(1), 204-219.

Schmutzler, J., Andonova, V., & Diaz-Serrano, L. (2019). How context shapes entrepreneurial self-efficacy as a driver of entrepreneurial intentions: A multilevel approach. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 43(5), 880-920. doi:10.1177/1042258717753142

Simha, A., & Parboteeah, P. K. (2019). The big 5 personality traits and willingness to justify unethical Behavior—A cross-national examination. Journal of Business Ethics, , 1-21. doi:10.1007/s10551-019-04142-7


Holten, A., Bollingtoft, A., Carneiro, I., & Borg, V. (2018). A within-country study of leadership perceptions and outcomes across native and immigrant employees: Questioning the universality of transformational leadership. Journal of Management & Organization, 24(1), 145-162. doi:10.1017/jmo.2017.2

Kennedy, J. C. (2018). Forbearance of culturally inappropriate leadership behaviors: A conceptual model. Journal of Global Mobility: The Home of Expatriate Management Research, 6(1), 4-19. doi:10.1108/JGM-04-2017-0016

Kimura, T., & Nishikawa, M. (2018). Ethical leadership and its cultural and institutional context: An empirical study in japan. Journal of Business Ethics, 151(3), 707-724. doi:10.1007/s10551-016-3268-6

Minbaeva, D., Rabbiosi, L., & Stahl, G. K. (2018). Not walking the talk? how host country cultural orientations may buffer the damage of corporate values’ misalignment in multinational corporations. Journal of World Business, 53(6), 880-895. doi:10.1016/j.jwb.2018.07.005

Miska, C., Szocs, I., & Schiffinger, M. (2018). Culture's effects on corporate sustainability practices: A multi-domain and multi-level view. Journal of World Business, 53(2), 263-279. doi:10.1016/j.jwb.2017.12.001

Muralidharan, E., & Pathak, S. (2018). Sustainability, transformational leadership, and social entrepreneurship. Sustainability, 10(2), 567. doi:10.3390/su10020567

Nadeem, S., & Sully de Luque, Mary F. (2018). Developing an understanding of the human resource (HR) complexities in pakistan with a GLOBE cultural lens. Journal of Management & Organization, , 1-19. doi:10.1017/jmo.2017.79

Nedeljkovic, M., Vukonjanski, J., Nikolic, M., Hadzic, O., & Sljukic, M. (2018). A comparative analysis of serbian national culture and national cultures of some european countries by GLOBE project approach. Journal of the Geographical Institute Jovan Cvijic, SASA, 68(3), 363-382. doi:10.2298/IJGI180315002N

Pathak, S., & Muralidharan, E. (2018). GLOBE leadership dimensions: Implications for cross-country entrepreneurship research. A I B Insights, 18(2), 11-15.

Raza, S. H., Bakar, H. A., & Mohamad, B. (2018). Advertising appeals and Malaysian culture norms. Journal of Asian Pacific Communication, 28(1), 61-82.

Raza, S. H., Bakar, H. A., & Mohamad, B. (2018). Relationships between the advertising appeal and behavioral intention: The mediating role of the attitude towards advertising appeal and moderating role of cultural norm. Journal of Business and Retail Management Research, 12(2).185-193

Ruiz, C. E., & Hamlin, R. G. (2018). Perceived managerial and leadership effectiveness in Argentina and Mexico: a comparative study of effective and ineffective managerial behaviour. International Journal of Management Practice, 11(1), 1.

Schenck, A. (2018). Investigating the relationship between confucianism and leadership: A comparative study of university faculty. International Journal of Adult Vocational Education and Technology, 9(3), 35.

Scholl, W., & Schermuly, C. C. (2018). The impact of culture on corruption, gross domestic product, and human development. Journal of Business Ethics, , 1-19. doi:10.1007/s10551-018-3977-0


Bobina, M. & Sabotinova, D. (2017). Bulgarian management in a cross-cultural space. Journal of East European Management Studies. 22. 105-127.

French, K. A., Dumani, S. Allen, T.D., & Shockley K.M. meta-analysis of Work–Family conflict and social support. (2017). Psychological Bulletin.

Gelfand, M. J., Aycan, Z., Erez, M., & Leung, K. (2017). Cross-cultural industrial organizational psychology and organizational behavior: A hundred-year journey. Journal of Applied Psychology, 102(3), 514-529.

Lazarova, M., Peretz, H., & Fried, Y. (2017). Locals know best? subsidiary HR autonomy and subsidiary performance. Journal of World Business, 52(1), 83-96.

Lewellyn, K.B. & Bao, S. The role of national culture and corruption on managing earnings around the world. (2017). Journal of World Business. 52(6), 798-808.

Li, C., Brodbeck, F. C., Shenkar, O., Ponzi, L. J., & Fisch, J. H. (2017). Embracing the foreign: Cultural attractiveness and international strategy. Strategic Management Journal, 38(4), 950-971.

Mansur, J., Sobral, F., & Goldszmidt, R. (2017). Shades of paternalistic leadership across cultures. Journal of World Business, 52(5), 702.

Peretz H., Fried Y. & Levi A. (2017). Flexible work arrangements, national culture, organisational characteristics, and organisational outcomes: A study across 21 countries. Human Resource Management Journal, 28,182–200.

Powell, K. S., & Lim, E. (2017). Investment motive as a moderator of cultural-distance and relative knowledge relationships with foreign subsidiary ownership structure. Journal of Business Research, 70, 255-262.

Schaubroeck, J. M., Shen, Y., & Chong, S. (2017). A dual-stage moderated mediation model linking authoritarian leadership to follower outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 102(2), 203-214.

Shin, D., Hasse, V. C., & Schotter, A. P. J. (2017). Multinational enterprises within cultural space and place: Integrating cultural distance and tightness-looseness. Academy of Management Journal, 60(3), 904.

Young, S.L., Welter, C. & Conger, M. (2017). Stability vs. flexibility: The effect of regulatory institutions on opportunity type. Journal of International Business Studies


Aktas, M., Gelfand, M., & Hanges, P. (2016). Cultural tightness-looseness and perceptions of effective leadership. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 47(2), 294-309.

Anaya, E. R. (2016). Culture and Leadership in Kenya. (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Africa, Pretoria.

Caraballo, F. E. (2016). Organizational culture comparisons of china and the united states using the denison organizational culture model (Order No. 10038710). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1775721286).

Chai, D. S., Jeong, S., Kim, J., Kim, S., & Hamlin, R. G. (2016). Perceived managerial and leadership effectiveness in a korean context: An indigenous qualitative study. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 33(3), 789-820.

Chaudhry, A., Yuan, L., Hu, J., & Cooke, R. A. (2016). What matters more? the impact of industry and organizational factors on organizational culture. Management Decision, 54(3), 570-588.

Pingping Fu Jun Liu Xiaoli Ji Su Zhong Guangtao Yu. (2016). Leading in a highly competitive environment:effects of CEO confident leadership on follower commitment in china. 中国工商管理研究前沿:英文版, 10(2), 149-175.

Hamrin, S., Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, teknik och medier, & Mittuniversitetet. (2016). Communicative leadership and context: Exploring constructions of the context in discourses of leadership practices. Corporate Communications, 21(3), 371-387.

Hanges, P. J., Aiken, J. R., Park, J., & Su, J. (2016). Cross-cultural leadership: Leading around the world. Current Opinion in Psychology, 8, 64-69.

Hong, G., Cho, Y., Froese, F. J., & Shin, M. (2016). The effect of leadership styles, rank, and seniority on affective organizational commitment. Cross Cultural & Strategic Management, 23(2), 340-362.

Hopkins, W. E., & Scott, S. G. (2016). Values-based leadership effectiveness in culturally diverse workplaces. Cross Cultural & Strategic Management, 23(2), 363-385.

Koch, P. T., Koch, B., Menon, T., & Shenkar, O. (2016). Cultural friction in leadership beliefs and foreign-invested enterprise survival. Journal of International Business Studies, 47(4), 453-470.

Krishnan, S., & AlSudiary, M. A. T. (2016). Cultural practices and virtual social networks diffusion: An international analysis using GLOBE scores. Journal of Global Information Technology Management, 19(3), 154-173.

Lin, L. (2016). Leadership styles of chinese expats in the netherlands. International Conference on Management, Leadership & Governance, , 442.

Li, C., Brodbeck, F. C., Shenkar, O., Ponzi, L. J., & Fisch, J. H. (2017). Embracing the foreign: Cultural attractiveness and international strategy. Strategic Management Journal, 38(4), 950-971.

Luo, L. L., & Tang, Q. (2016). Does national culture influence corporate carbon disclosure propensity? Journal of International Accounting Research, 15(1), 17-47.

Mittal, R., & Elias, S. M. (2016). Social power and leadership in cross-cultural context. Journal of Management Development, 35(1), 58-74.

Mondik, M. V. (2016). The relationship between A country's cultural dimensions and leadership preferences and its mathematics achievement in international assessment, PISA: A cross-cultural study using GLOBE scores (Order No. 10289903). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (1832370980).

Pradkhan, E. (2016;2014;). Impact of culture and patriotism on home bias in bond portfolios. Review of Managerial Science, 10(2), 265-301.

Rode, J. C., Huang, X., & Flynn, B. (2016). A cross‐cultural examination of the relationships among human resource management practices and organisational commitment: An institutional collectivism perspective. Human Resource Management Journal, 26(4), 471-489.

Sahertian, P., & Graha, A. N. (2016). exploring leadership dimension among organizations (the analysis against leadership excellence based on cultural and ethnical backgrounds in indonesia). Indian Journal of Commerce and Management Studies, 7(1), 1.

Stephan, U. & Pathak, S. (2016). Beyond cultural values? Cultural leadership ideals and entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 31, 505-523.

Tran, D. M., Fallon, W., & Vickers, M. H. (2016). Leadership in vietnamese state owned enterprises (SOEs): Exploring multi-stakeholder perceptions – a qualitative study. Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration, 8(1), 21-36.

Validov, A. F., & Pulaj, E. (2016). leadership styles in transitional economies. Academy of Strategic Management Journal, 15, 1.

Yang, I. (2016). Lost overseas?: The challenges facing korean transformational leadership in a cross-cultural context. Critical Perspectives on International Business, 12(2), 121-139.


Bauer, D. (2015). Successful leadership behaviours in Slovak organizations’ environment–an introduction to Slovak implicit leadership theories based on GLOBE study findings. Journal for East European Management Studies, 20(1), 9-35.

Caiazza, R., & Volpe, T. (2015). Interaction despite of diversity: is it possible?. Journal of Management Development, 34(6).

Castaño, N., de Luque, M. F. S., Wernsing, T., Ogliastri, E., Shemueli, R. G., Fuchs, R. M., & Robles-Flores, J. A. (2015). El Jefe: Differences in expected leadership behaviors across Latin American countries. Journal of World Business.  50(3), 584–597.

Gabrenya Jr, W. K., & Smith, P. B. (2015). Project GLOBE for Scientists and Practitioners: Drawing Clarity from Controversy. In Leading Global Teams (pp. 33-65). Springer New York.

Fell, C. B., König, C. J., & Kammerhoff, J. (2015). Cross-cultural differences in the attitude toward applicants’ faking in job interviews. Journal of Business and Psychology, 1-21.

Gelineau Jr, J. C. (2015). Leadership Cultural Intelligence: A Path to Highly Effective Global Operations. Masters of Liberal Studies Theses. Paper 62.

Hanzlick, M. (2015). Management Control Systems and Cross-Cultural Research: Empirical Evidence on Performance Measurement, Performance Evaluation and Rewards in a Cross-Cultural Comparison. BoD–Books on Demand.

Hauff, S., & Richter, N. (2015). Power distance and its moderating role in the relationship between situational job characteristics and job satisfaction–an empirical analysis using different cultural measures. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 22(1).

Luo, L., & Tang, Q. (2015). Does National Culture Influence Corporate Carbon Disclosure Propensity?. Journal of International Accounting Research.

Luque, M. S., Lelchook, A. M., & Quigley, N. R. Project GLOBE: Insights into the Study of Culture and Leadership. Wiley Encyclopedia of Management. (6) 1-9.

Lussier, R., & Achua, C. (2015). Leadership: Theory, application, & skill development. Cengage Learning. Mason, Ohio.

Mac-Dermott, R., & Mornah, D. (2015). The Role of Culture in Foreign Direct Investment and Trade: Expectations from the GLOBE Dimensions of Culture. Open Journal of Business and Management, 3(01), 63.

Miremadi, A., Jalili, S. R., & Sharbatoghile, A. (2015). An Analysis of GLOBE’s Organization Culture on Work Ethics: A Case Study of Iran. International Business and Management, 10(1), 55-61.

Mueller, B., Diehl, S., & Terlutter, R. (2015). GLOBE Cultural Dimensions: Providing Insights for Advertising Execution in the Global Marketplace. In Advances in Advertising Research (Vol. V) (pp. 161-175). Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.

Nathan, G. (2015). A non-essentialist model of culture Implications of identity, agency and structure within multinational/multicultural organizations. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 15(1), 101-124.

Peretz, H., Levi, A., & Fried, Y. (2015). Organizational diversity programs across cultures: effects on absenteeism, turnover, performance and innovation. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, (ahead-of-print), 1-29.

Power, D., Klassen, R., Kull, T. J., & Simpson, D. (2015). Competitive Goals and Plant Investment in Environment and Safety Practices: Moderating Effect of National Culture. Decision Sciences, 46(1), 63-100.

Reed, P. J., Spiro, E. S., & Butts, C. T. (2015). Using Facebook Data to Examine Culture and Self-Disclosure Behaviors. iConference 2015 Proceedings.

Riedl, B. C., Cai, Y. D., Ratan, R. A., Shen, C., & Picot, A. Champions of Equality: Examining Gender Egalitarianism in Virtual Teams Across Cultures.

Stephan, U., Uhlaner, L.M. & Stride, C. (2015). Institutions and Social Entrepreneurship. The Role of Institutional Voids, Institutional Support and Institutional Configurations. Journal of International Business Studies, 46 (3), 308-331.

van Hemmen, S., Alvarez, C., Peris-Ortiz, M., & Urbano, D. (2015). Leadership Styles and Innovative Entrepreneurship: An International Study. Cybernetics and Systems, 46(3-4), 271-286.

Yayla-Küllü, H. M., Tansitpong, P., Gnanlet, A., McDermott, C. M., & Durgee, J. F. (2015). Employees’ National Culture and Service Quality: An Integrative Review. Service Science, 7(1), 11-28.


Alas, R., Papalexandris, N., Galanaki, E., & Niglas, K. (2014). Managerial values and employee commitment in a cultural context. Transformations in Business & Economics10, 42-59.

Baniasadi, H., & Dastmalchian, A. (2014). The differentiating characteristics of societal cultures: An examination of societal values, practices and potential for change.Journal of Comparative International Management, 17(1), 1-13.

Beugelsdijk, S., Slangen, A., Maseland, R., & Onrust, M. (2014). The impact of home–host cultural distance on foreign affiliate sales: The moderating role of cultural variation within host countries. Journal of Business Research, 67(8), 1638-1646.

Brewer, P., & Venaik, S. (2014). The ecological fallacy in national culture research. Organization Studies, 35(7), 1063-1086.

Bullough, A., & de Luque, M. S. (2014). Women’s participation in entrepreneurial and political leadership: The importance of culturally endorsed implicit leadership theories. Leadership, 1742715013504427.

Chavarria, J. A., & Morrison, R. D. (2014). REVISITING SOFTWARE PIRACY USING GLOBE CULTURAL PRACTICES. Academy of Information and Management Sciences, 18(1), 5.

Cieslewicz, J. K. (2014). Relationships between national economic culture, institutions, and accounting: Implications for IFRS. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 25(6), 511-528.

Diehl, S., Mueller, B., & Terlutter, R. (2014). The Usefulness of GLOBE Dimensions in Analyzing Consumer Perceptions of Advertising: Results from Multinational Studies.

Fisher, D. M. (2014). A multilevel cross-cultural examination of role overload and organizational commitment: Investigating the interactive effects of context. Journal of Applied Psychology, 99(4), 723.

Fitzsimmons, S. R., & Stamper, C. L. (2014). How societal culture influences friction in the employee–organization relationship. Human Resource Management Review, 24(1), 80-94.

Gnanlet, A., & Yayla-Kullu, H. M. (2014). Impact of national culture on the quality of information delivery in services. Service Business, 8(1), 135-169.

Hoffmann, S. (2014). Does national culture impact consumer boycott prevalence? A multi-country study. European Journal of International Management, 8(2), 141-159.

Lyness, K. S., & Judiesch, M. K. (2014). Gender egalitarianism and work–life balance for managers: multisource perspectives in 36 countries. Applied Psychology, 63(1), 96-129.

Paustian-Underdahl, S. C., Rogelberg, S., King, E., Ordonez, Z., Wichert, I., & Rasch, R. (2014, January). Understanding the Queen Bee Effect in the Workplace: A Cross-cultural Examination. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2014, No. 1, p. 10286). Academy of Management.

Revilla, E., & Sáenz, M. J. (2014). Supply chain disruption management: Global convergence vs national specificity. Journal of Business Research, 67(6), 1123-1135.

Schlagwein, D., & Prasarnphanich, P. (2014). Social Media Around the GLOBE. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 24(2-3), 122-137.

Serradell-López, E., Casado-Lumbreras, C., & Castillo-Merino, D. (2014). Understanding Culture and its Implications for E-Learning. Cross-Cultural Interaction: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, 133-149.

Venaik, S., & Brewer, P. (2014). The common threads of national cultures. Australasian Marketing Journal (AMJ).

Wernsing, T. (2014). Psychological Capital A Test of Measurement Invariance Across 12 National Cultures. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 21(2), 179-190.

Young, S.L. & Makhija, M.V. (2014). Firms’ corporate social responsibility behavior: An integration of institutional and profit maximization approaches.Journal of International Business Studies, 45:670-698


Abu Bakar, H., & Su Mustaffa, C. (2013). Organizational communication in Malaysia organizations: Incorporating cultural values in communication scale. Corporate Communications: An International Journal, 18(1), 87-109.

Autio, E., Pathak, S., & Wennberg, K. (2013). Consequences of cultural practices for entrepreneurial behaviors. Journal of International Business Studies, 44(4), 334-362.

Bame-Aldred, C. W., Cullen, J. B., Martin, K. D., & Parboteeah, K. P. (2013). National culture and firm-level tax evasion. Journal of Business Research, 66(3), 390-396.

Briggs, I., & Raine, J. W. (2013). Rethinking leadership learning in postgraduate public management programmes. Teaching Public Administration, 0144739413479198.

Budde-Sung, A. (2013). The Invisible Meets the Intangible: Culture’s Impact on Intellectual Property Protection. Journal of business ethics, 117(2), 345-359.

Čater, T., Lang, R., & Szabo, E. (2013). The GLOBE Student project: Methods and sample structures. Journal for East European Management Studies, 544-550.

Čater, T., Lang, R., & Szabo, E. (2013). Values and leadership expectations of future managers: Theoretical basis and methodological approach of the GLOBE Student project. Journal for East European Management Studies, 442-462.

Chhokar, J. S., Brodbeck, F. C., & House, R. J. (Eds.). (2013). Culture and leadership across the world: The GLOBE book of in-depth studies of 25 societies. Routledge.

Delbecq, A., House, R. J., de Luque, M. S., & Quigley, N. R. (2013). Implicit Motives, Leadership, and Follower Outcomes An Empirical Test of CEOs. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 20(1), 7-24.

Dorfman, P. W. (2013). Executive Leadership From The Globe Worldwide Perspective: What Do Outstanding CEOs Have In Common In Comparison to Less Than Stellar CEOs.

Hoffmann, S., Mai, R., & Cristescu, A. (2013). Do culture-dependent response styles distort substantial relationships?. International Business Review, 22(5), 814-827.

House, R. J., Dorfman, P. W., Javidan, M., Hanges, P. J., & de Luque, M. F. S. (2013). Strategic leadership across cultures: GLOBE study of CEO leadership behavior and effectiveness in 24 countries. Sage Publications.

Jackson, T. A., Meyer, J. P., & Wang, X. H. F. (2013). Leadership, Commitment, and Culture A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 20(1), 84-106.

Javidan, M., & Bowen, D. (2013). The ‘Global Mindset’of managers: What it is, why it matters, and how to develop it. Organizational Dynamics, 42(2), 145-155.

Karakitapoğlu-Aygün, Z., & Gumusluoglu, L. (2013). The bright and dark sides of leadership: Transformational vs. non-transformational leadership in a non-Western context. Leadership, 9(1), 107-133.

Krys, K., Hansen, K., Xing, C., Szarota, P., & Yang, M. M. (2013). Do only fools smile at strangers? Cultural differences in social perception of intelligence of smiling individuals. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 0022022113513922.

Lituchy, T. R., Ford, D., & Punnett, B. J. (2013). Leadership in Uganda, Barbados, Canada and the USA: exploratory perspectives. African Journal of Economic and Management Studies, 4(2), 201-222.

Maleki, A., & de Jong, M. (2013). A proposal for clustering the dimensions of national culture. Cross-Cultural Research, 1069397113510268

Nusselder, W. J., & Mackenbach, J. P. (2013). Cohort Profile: Understanding socioeconomic inequalities in health and health behaviours: The GLOBE study. International journal of epidemiology, dyt040.

Ollier-Malaterre, A., Valcour, M., Den Dulk, L., & Kossek, E. E. (2013). Theorizing national context to develop comparative work–life research: A review and research agenda. European Management Journal, 31(5), 433-447.

Owe, E., Vignoles, V. L., Becker, M., Brown, R., Smith, P. B., Lee, S. W., ... & Carrasco, D. (2013). Contextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism personhood beliefs across 37 national groups. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44(1), 24-45.

Ozgen, E. (2013). The National Culture And Entrepreneurs' Self Efficacy: The Application Of The Globe Cultural Values. Business Journal for Entrepreneurs, 2013(1).

Power, J. L., Brotheridge, C. M., Blenkinsopp, J., Bowes-Sperry, L., Bozionelos, N., Buzády, Z., ... & Nnedumm, A. U. O. (2013). Acceptability of workplace bullying: A comparative study on six continents. Journal of Business Research, 66(3), 374-380.

Pučko, D., Remišová, A., & Lašáková, A. (2013). Culture and Leadership Preferences in Slovakia and Slovenia: Comparative Study Based on the GLOBE Student Research. Ekonomický časopis (Journal of Economics), 61(4).

Rajabi, E., Sicilia, M. A., & Sanchez-Alonso, S. (2013, November). Interlinking educational data: An experiment with GLOBE resources. In Proceedings of the First International Conference on Technological Ecosystem for Enhancing Multiculturality (pp. 339-348). ACM.

Rienties, B., & Tempelaar, D. (2013). The role of cultural dimensions of international and Dutch students on academic and social integration and academic performance in the Netherlands. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 37(2), 188-201.

Rienties, B., Héliot, Y., & Jindal-Snape, D. (2013). Understanding social learning relations of international students in a large classroom using social network analysis. Higher Education, 66(4), 489-504.

Ryschka, S., & Bick, M. (2013). Drivers of Cultural Differences in Information System Adoption–A Case Study. European Identity Global Perspective. 15.-17

Teodosio, JPC, & Robalo, AD. (2013). Is the GLOBE model useful for cross-cultural leadership research?. Confronting Contemporary Business Challenges Through Management Innovation, 2288-2304

Toleikiene, R., & Rybnikova, I. (2013). What do Lithuanian Students Expect from Leaders? First Results of the GLOBE Study in Lithuania. Socialiniai Tyrimai, 2013(1).

Venaik, S., & Brewer, P. (2013). Critical issues in the Hofstede and GLOBE national culture models. International Marketing Review, 30(5), 469-482.

Venaik, S., Zhu, Y., & Brewer, P. (2013). Looking into the future: Hofstede long term orientation versus GLOBE future orientation. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 20(3), 361-385.

Wennberg, K., Pathak, S., & Autio, E. (2013). How culture moulds the effects of self-efficacy and fear of failure on entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 25(9-10), 756-780.


Becker, M., Vignoles, V. L., Owe, E., Brown, R., Smith, P. B., Easterbrook, M., ... & Yamakoğlu, N. (2012). Culture and the distinctiveness motive: constructing identity in individualistic and collectivistic contexts. Journal of personality and social psychology, 102(4), 833.

Bertsch, A. M. (2012). Validating GLOBE's societal values scales: a test in the USA. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 3(8), 10-23.

Bobbio, A., Van Dierendonck, D., & Manganelli, A. M. (2012). Servant leadership in Italy and its relation to organizational variables. Leadership, 8(3), 229-243.

Brewer, P., & Venaik, S. (2012). On the misuse of national culture dimensions. International Marketing Review, 29(6), 673-683.

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Tuulik, K., Alas, R. (2010). Leadership in Estonian organizations during transition. International Journal of Leadership Studies. 5(3), 269-282.


Dickson, M. W., Den Hartog, D. N., & Castaño, N. (2009). Understanding leadership across cultures. In R. Bhagat and R. Steers (Eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Culture, Organization, and Work (pp. 219-244). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lang, Rainhart (2009). Besonderheiten mitteleuropäischer Unternehmenskultur im Vergleich Deutschland-Polen-Tschechien. [Particularities of Central European Corporate Culture in Comparison Germany-Poland-Czech Republic.] In Vogt, M.S.; Sokol. J.; Ociepka, B.; Pollack, D.; Mikolajczyk, B. Hrsg.) Europäisierung im Alltag. Internationaler Verleg für Wissenschaften. Frankfurt a.M., S. 225-248.

Lang Rainhart (2009). Organizational Survey. [German text.] In Kühl, S.; Strodtholz, P.; Taffertshofer, A. (eds.) Handbuch Methoden der Organisations¬forschung. Wiesbaden, pp. 435-457.

Resick, C. J, Mitchelson, J. K., Dickson, M. W., & Hanges, P. J. (2009). Culture, Corruption, and the Endorsement of Ethical Leadership. In W. H. Mobley, Y. Wang, and M. Li (Eds.), Advances in Global Leadership (Vol. 5, pp. 113-144). Bingley, UK: Emerald Publishing.

Alas, R., Niglas, K., & Kraus, A. (2009). Manufacturing strategies and choices in cultural contexts. Journal of Business Economics and Management, (4), 279-289.

Grachev, M. V. (2009). Russia, culture, and leadership: cross-cultural comparisons of managerial values and practices. Problems of Post-communism, 56(1), 3-11.

García, M. F., Posthuma, R. A., & Roehling, M. V. (2009). Comparing preferences for employing males and nationals across countries: extending relational models and social dominance theory. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 20(12), 2471-2493.

Jepson, D. (2009). Studying leadership at cross-country level: A critical analysis. Leadership, 5(1), 61-80.

Javidan, M., & Dastmalchian, A. (2009). Managerial implications of the GLOBE project: A study of 62 societies. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 47(1), 41-58.

Joy, S., & Kolb, D. A. (2009). Are there cultural differences in learning style?. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 33(1), 69-85.

Maseland, R., & Van Hoorn, A. (2009). Explaining the negative correlation between values and practices: A note on the Hofstede–GLOBE debate. Journal of International Business Studies, 40(3), 527-532.

Martin, G. S., Resick, C. J., Keating, M. A., & Dickson, M. W. (2009). Ethical leadership across cultures: A comparative analysis of German and US perspectives. Business Ethics: A European Review, 18(2), 127-144.

Martí, M., Gil, F., & Barrasa, A. (2009). Organizational leadership: Motives and behaviors of leaders in current organizations. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 12(01), 267-274.

Rao, P. (2009). International survey research: Understanding national cultures to increase survey response rate. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 16(2), 165-178.

Resick, C. J., Mitchelson, J. K., Dickson, M. W., & Hanges, P. J. (2009). Culture, corruption, and the endorsement of ethical leadership. Advances in Global Leadership, 5, 113-144.

Seleim, A., & Bontis, N. (2009). The relationship between culture and corruption: a cross-national study. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 10(1), 165-184.

Tuulik, K., & Alas, R. (2009). Leadership in transformational Estonia. Baltic Journal of Management, 4(2), 169-187.


Lang, Rainhart (2008). Vorwärts zum Shareholder-Kapitalismus? Corporate social values von Unternehmern und Managern als Orientierungs und Wirkungsrahmen bei strategischen Management¬ent¬scheidungen in Transformationsgesellschaften. [Forward to Shareholder-Capitalism? Corporate social values of Entrepreneurs and Managers as Orientation Frame and Effective Framework in Strategic Management Decisions in Transformation Societies.] In Götze, Uwe and Lang, Rainhart (Hrsg.) Strategisches Management zwischen Globalisierung und Regionalisierung. Deutscher Universitäts-Verlag. Wiesbaden, S. 177-206.

Lang, Rainhart (2008). Stakeholder or Shareholder Orientation? Entrepreneurial Careers and Value Preferences of Entrepreneurs in East Germany. In Bluhm, K and Schmidt, R. (eds.) Change in SMEs. Towards a New European Capitalism? Palgrave-McMillan. Houndsmill/New York, pp. 77-98.

Lang, Rainhart; Catana, Alexandru; Catana, Doina; Steyrer, Johannes (2008). Impacts of Motives and Leadership Attributes of Entrepreneurs and Managers on Followers’ Commitment in Transforming Countries: A Comparison of Romania, East Germany and Austria. In Jurczek, P., Niedobitek, M. (eds.) Europäische Forschungsperspektiven. Elemente einer Europawissenschaft. Chemnitzer Europastudien. Band 8. Duncker & Humblot. Berlin, pp. 109-137.

Stahl, G. and Javidan. M. (2008). Comparative and Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions. In R. S. Bhagat and R. M. Steers (Eds.), Handbook of Culture, Organizations, and Work. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Diehl, S., Terlutter, R., & Mueller, B. (2008). The influence of culture on responses to the GLOBE dimension of performance orientation in advertising messages-results from the US, Germany, France, Spain, and Thailand. Advances in Consumer Research, 35, 269-275.

Gerhart, B. (2008). Cross cultural management research assumptions, evidence, and suggested directions. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 8(3), 259-274.

Lyness, K. S., & Judiesch, M. K. (2008). Can a manager have a life and a career? International and multisource perspectives on work-life balance and career advancement potential. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(4), 789.

Magnusson, P., Wilson, R. T., Zdravkovic, S., Xin Zhou, J., & Westjohn, S. A. (2008). Breaking through the cultural clutter: a comparative assessment of multiple cultural and institutional frameworks. International Marketing Review, 25(2), 183-201.

McCrae, R. R., Terracciano, A., Realo, A., & Allik, J. (2008). Interpreting GLOBE societal practices scales.  Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 39(6), 805-810.

Nyberg, A., Westerlund, H., Hanson, L. L. M., & Theorell, T. (2008). Managerial leadership is associated with self-reported sickness absence and sickness presenteeism among Swedish men and women. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 36(8), 803-811.

Steyrer, J., Schiffinger, M., & Lang, R. (2008). Organizational commitment—A missing link between leadership behavior and organizational performance?. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 24(4), 364-374.

Winston, B. E., & Ryan, B. (2008). Servant leadership as a humane orientation: Using the GLOBE study construct of humane orientation to show that servant leadership is more global than western. International Journal of Leadership Studies, 3(2), 212-222.


Brodbeck, F. C., & Frese, M. (2007). Societal culture and leadership in Germany. In J. Chhokar, F. C. Brodbeck, & R. House (Eds.), Managerial cultures of the world: A GLOBE report of in-depth studies of the cultures of 25 countries (S. 147 – 214). Mahwah, NJ: LEA Publishers.

Brodbeck, F. C., Chhokar, J., & House, R. (2007). Culture and leadership in 25 societies: Integration, conclusions, and future directions. In J. Chhokar, F. C. Brodbeck, & R. House (Eds.), Managerial cultures of the world: A GLOBE report of in-depth studies of the cultures of 25 countries (S. 1025-1102). Mahwah, NJ: LEA Publishers.

Chhokar, J., Brodbeck, F. C., & House, R. (2007). Introduction. In J. Chhokar, F. C. Brodbeck, & R. House (Eds.), Managerial cultures of the world: A GLOBE report of in-depth studies of the cultures of 25 countries (S. 1-16). LEA Publishers. Mahwah, NJ: LEA Publishers.

Chhokar, J., Brodbeck, F. C., & House, R. (2007). Methodology. In J. Chhokar, F. C. Brodbeck, & R. House (Eds.), Managerial cultures of the world: A GLOBE report of in-depth studies of the cultures of 25 countries (S. 17-30). LEA Publishers. Mahwah, NJ: LEA Publishers.

Kennedy, J. C. (2007). Leadership and Culture in New Zealand. In J. Chhokar, F. C. Brodbeck & R. J. House (Eds.), Culture and Leadership across the World: The GLOBE Book of In-Depth Studies of 25 Societies (pp. 397–432). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Tung, R. L., Walls, J., & Frese, M. (2007). Cross-cultural entrepreneurship: The case of China. In J. R. Baum, M. Frese & R. A. Baron (Eds.), The Psychology of Entrepreneurship (pp. 265-286). Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Alas, R., Tafel, K., & Tuulik, K. (2007). Leadership style during transition in society: Case of Estonia. Problems and Perspectives in Management, 5(1), 50-60.

Chhokar, J. S., Brodbeck, F. C., & House, R. G. (2007). Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness Research Program. Culture and Leadership Across the World: The Globe Book of In-Depth Studies of 25 Societies. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, NJ

Euwema, M. C., Wendt, H., & Van Emmerik, H. (2007). Leadership styles and group organizational citizenship behavior across cultures. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 28(8), 1035-1057.

Keating, M., Martin, G. S., Resick, C. J., & Dickson, M. W. (2007). A Comparative Study of the Endorsement of Ethical Leadership in Ireland and the United States. Irish Journal of Management28(1).

Kennedy, J. C. (2007). Leadership and culture in New Zealand. In Culture and Leadership Across the World: The GLOBE Book of In-Depth Studies of 25 Societies (pp. 397-432). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Mahwah, NJ.

Tuulik, K., & Alas, R. (2007). Cultural practices and values at the societal level in Estonia in comparison with neighbouring countries. Journal of Business Economics and Management, (1), 39-44.


Papalexandris Nancy, (2006) “Greece, from Ancient Myths to Modern Realities”, Chapter in Chhokar/Brodbeck/House (Editors), Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, New Jersey, U.S.A.

Resick, C. J., Martin, G. S., Keating, M., & Dickson, M. W. (2006). A comparative analysis of ethical leadership in Ireland, Germany and the United States. In R. J. Taormina, J. H., Gao, & G. E. Lasker (Eds.), The Applied psychology of values, ethics, and management in organizations (pp. 18-23). Tecumseh, Canada: The International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics.

Dickson, M. W., Resick, C. J., & Hanges, P. J. (2006). When organizational climate is unambiguous, it is also strong. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91(2), 351.

Dickson, M. W., Resick, C. J., & Hanges, P. J. (2006). Systematic variation in organizationally-shared cognitive prototypes of effective leadership based on organizational form. The Leadership Quarterly, 17(5), 487-505.

Earley, P. C. (2006). Leading cultural research in the future: A matter of paradigms and taste. Journal of International Business Studies, 37(6), 922-931.

Grachev, M., & Bobina, M. (2006). Russian organizational leadership: Lessons from the GLOBE study. International Journal of Leadership Studies, 1(2), 67-79.

Graen, G. B. (2006). In the eye of the beholder: cross-cultural lesson in leadership from project GLOBE: a response viewed from the third culture bonding (TCB) model of cross-cultural leadership. The Academy of Management Perspectives, 20(4), 95-101.

Hanges, P. J., & Dickson, M. W. (2006). Agitation over aggregation: Clarifying the development of and the nature of the GLOBE scales. The Leadership Quarterly, 17(5), 522-536.

Hofstede, G. (2006). What did GLOBE really measure? Researchers’ minds versus respondents’ minds. Journal of International Business Studies, 37(6), 882-896.

House, R. J., Javidan, M., Dorfman, P. W., & De Luque, M. S. (2006). A failure of scholarship: Response to George Graen's critique of GLOBE. The Academy of Management Perspectives, 20(4), 102-114.

Javidan, M., Dorfman, P. W., De Luque, M. S., & House, R. J. (2006). In the eye of the beholder: Cross cultural lessons in leadership from Project GLOBE. The Academy of Management Perspectives, 20(1), 67-90.

Javidan, M., House, R. J., Dorfman, P. W., Hanges, P. J., & De Luque, M. S. (2006). Conceptualizing and measuring cultures and their consequences: a comparative review of GLOBE's and Hofstede's approaches. Journal of International Business Studies, 37(6), 897-914.

Leung, K. (2006). Editor's introduction to the exchange between Hofstede and GLOBE. Journal of International Business Studies, 37(6), 881-881.

Peterson, M. F., & Castro, S. L. (2006). Measurement metrics at aggregate levels of analysis: Implications for organization culture research and the GLOBE project. The Leadership Quarterly, 17(5), 506-521.

Resick, C. J., Hanges, P. J., Dickson, M. W., & Mitchelson, J. K. (2006). A cross-cultural examination of the endorsement of ethical leadership. Journal of Business Ethics, 63(4), 345-359.

Smith, P. B. (2006). When elephants fight, the grass gets trampled: The GLOBE and Hofstede projects. Journal of International Business Studies, 37(6), 915-921.

Steyrer, J., Hartz, R., & Schiffinger, M. (2006). Leadership in transformation-between local embeddedness and global challenges. Journal for East European Management Studies, 113-139.

Terlutter, R., Diehl, S., & Mueller, B. (2006). The GLOBE study—applicability of a new typology of cultural dimensions for cross-cultural marketing and advertising research. In International Advertising and Communication (pp. 419-438). DUV.

van de Vliert, E. (2006). Climatic ecology of charismatic leadership ideals. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 15(4), 385-403.

Waldman, D. A., de Luque, M. S., Washburn, N., House, R. J., Adetoun, B., Barrasa, A., ... & Wilderom, C. P. (2006). Cultural and leadership predictors of corporate social responsibility values of top management: A GLOBE study of 15 countries. Journal of International Business Studies, 37(6), 823-837.


Dickson, M. W., & Den Hartog, D. N. (2005). What Good is this to me? Managerial Implications of Global Leadership Research. In R. R. Sims and S. J. Quatro (eds.), Leadership: Succeeding in the private, public, and non-for-profit sectors (348-366). Armonk NY: M.E. Sharpe. [NOTE: Book received the Choice Award for the Best Academic Book in 2005 from the American Library Association.]

Lang Rainhart (2005). Organizational Survey: Befragung von mehreren Organisationen. [Organizational Survey: Survey of Several Organizations.] In Kühl, Stefan et al. (Hrsg.) Quantitative Methoden der Organisations¬forschung. Ein Handbuch. Wiesbaden, S. 85-114.

Tuulik, K. and Alas, R. (2005). Impact of values of top managers to their subordinates. In Lang, R. (Ed.) The End of Transformation? Rainer Hampp Verlag, 439-454.

Hanges, P. J., Lyon, J. S., & Dorfman, P. W. (2005). Managing a multinational team: lessons from project GLOBE. Managing Multinational Team: Global Perspectives, Advances In International Management, 18, 337-360.

Javidan, M., Stahl, G. K., Brodbeck, F., & Wilderom, C. P. (2005). Cross-border transfer of knowledge: Cultural lessons from Project GLOBE. The Academy of Management Executive, 19(2), 59-76.

Parboteeah, K. P., Bronson, J. W., & Cullen, J. B. (2005). Does national culture affect willingness to justify ethically suspect behaviors? A focus on the GLOBE national culture scheme. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 5(2), 123-138.

Quigley, N. R., de Luque, M. S., & House, R. J. (2005). 18 Responsible leadership and governance in a global context: insights from the GLOBE study. Handbook on Responsible Leadership and Governance In Global Business, 352.

Smith, P. B. (2005). Book review: Culture, leadership, and organizations: The Globe study of 62 societies. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 36(5), 628-630.

Teagarden, M. B. (2005). Culture, Leadership, and Organizations: The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies. The Academy of Management Executive, 19(2), 162-163.


Alt, Ramona and Lang, Rainhart (2004). Anforderungen an die Führungskompetenzen von Managern im Transformationsprozess ausgewählter MOEL. [Demands on the Leadership Skills of Managers in the Transformation Process in Selected MEEC.] In Zschiedrich, H., Schmeisser, W., Hummel, Th. R. (Hrsg.) Internationales Management in den Märkten Mittel und Osteuropas. München und Mering, S. 111-132.

Brodbeck, F. C., Frese, M., Javidan, M. (2004). Leadership Made in Germany: Low on compassion, high on performance (Managerial Insights Excerpt). In S. M. Puffer (Ed.), International Management (pp. 192-202). London: M.E.Sharpe.

Brodbeck, F. C., Hanges, P. J., Dickson., M. W., Gupta, V., & Dorfman, P. W. (2004). Comparative influence of industry and societal culture on organizational cultural practices. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.), Leadership, culture, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies (pp. 654-668). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Brodbeck, F.C., Hanges, P. J., Dickson, M. W., Gupta, V., & Dorfman, P. W. (2004). Societal culture and industrial sector influences on organizational culture. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.) Culture, Leadership, and Organizations: The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies (pp. 654-668), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Den Hartog, D. N., & Dickson, M. W. (2004). Leadership and Culture. In J. Antonakis, A. T. Cianciolo, & R. J. Sternberg, (Eds.), The nature of leadership (pp. 249-278). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Dickson, M. W., BeShears, R. S., & Gupta, V. (2004). The impact of societal culture and industry on organizational culture: Theoretical explanations. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.) Culture, Leadership, and Organizations: The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies (pp. 74-90), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Dorfman, P., Hanges, P. J., & Brodbeck, F. C. (2004). Leadership and cultural variation: The identification of culturally endorsed leadership profiles. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.), Leadership, culture, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies (pp. 669-719). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Hanges, P. J. & Dickson, M. W. (2004). The Development and Validation of the GLOBE Culture and Leadership Scales. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.) Culture, Leadership, and Organizations: The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies (pp. 122-151), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Hanges, P. J., Dickson, M. W., & Sipe, M. S. (2004). Rationale for GLOBE Statistical Analyses: Societal Rankings and Test of Hypotheses. In R. J. House, P. J. Hanges, M. Javidan, P. W. Dorfman, & V. Gupta (Eds.) Culture, Leadership, and Organizations: The GLOBE Study of 62 Societies (pp. 219-234), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

House, R.J., M. Javidan, P. Dorfman, and P. Hanges, (2004). GLOBE: The Research Program. Encyclopedia of Leadership, Berkshire Publishing Group.

Javidan, M., G. Stahl, and R.J. House, (2004) Leadership in a global organization: a cross cultural perspective. In The INSEAD-Wharton Alliance on Globalizing: Strategies for Building Successful Global Businesses. Cambridge Press. 78-103.

Keating, M., Martin, G. S., & Brodbeck, F. C. (2004). Cross cultural differences: A comparison of societal culture of Ireland and Germany. In M. Keating & G. S. Martin, G. S. (Hrsg.), Managing Cross-cultural Business Relations: The Irish-German Case. (pp. 1 – 35). Blackhall: Dublin.

Martin, G. S., Keating, M., & Brodbeck, F. C. (2004). Organisational Leadership in Germany and Ireland. In M. Keating & G. S. Martin, G. S. (eds.), Managing Cross-cultural Business Relations: The Irish-German Case. (p. 41 – 69). Blackhall: Dublin.

Fu, P. P., Kennedy, J., Tata, J., Yukl, G., Bond, M. H., Peng, T. K., ... & Cheosakul, A. (2004). The impact of societal cultural values and individual social beliefs on the perceived effectiveness of managerial influence strategies: A meso approach. Journal of International Business Studies, 35(4), 284-305.

Gupta, V., & House, R. (2004). Understanding leadership in diverse cultures: Implications of project GLOBE for leading international ventures. Leading in high growth Asia: Managing relationship for teamwork and change, 13-54.

Gupta, V., MacMillan, I. C., & Surie, G. (2004). Entrepreneurial leadership: developing and measuring a cross-cultural construct. Journal of Business Venturing, 19(2), 241-260.

House, R. J., Hanges, P. J., Javidan, M., Dorfman, P. W., & Gupta, V. (Eds.). (2004). Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies. Sage publications.

Javidan, M., House, R. J., & Dorfman, P. W. (2004). A nontechnical summary of GLOBE findings. Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies, 29-48.

Papalexandris, N., & Panayotopoulou, L. (2004). Exploring the mutual interaction of societal culture and human resource management practices: Evidence from 19 countries. Employee Relations, 26(5), 495-509.

Scandura, T., & Dorfman, P. (2004). Leadership research in an international and cross-cultural context. The Leadership Quarterly, 15(2), 277-307.


Brodbeck, F. C. (2003). Managing cultural diversity: Insights from Cross Cultural Psychology. In L. Mohn (Ed.). Global Business Culture – An International Workshop, Bertelsmann Verlag.

Javidan, M., & Dastmalchian, A. (2003). Culture and leadership in Iran: The land of individual achievers, strong family ties, and powerful elite. The Academy of Management Executive, 17(4), 127-142.


Aditya, R., & Hause, R. J. (2002). Interpersonal acumen and leadership across cultures: Pointers from the GLOBE study. In Kravis-de Roulet Leadership Conference, 9th, Apr, 1999, Claremont McKenna Coll, Claremont, CA, US. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Ashkanasy, N. M. (2002). Leadership in the Asian century: Lessons from GLOBE. International Journal of Organisational Behaviour, 5(3), 150-163.

Brodbeck, F. C., Frese, M., & Javidan, M. (2002). Leadership made in Germany: Low on compassion, high on performance. The Academy of Management Executive, 16(1), 16-29.

House, R., Javidan, M., Hanges, P., & Dorfman, P. (2002). Understanding cultures and implicit leadership theories across the globe: an introduction to project GLOBE. Journal of World Business, 37(1), 3-10.

Kennedy, J. C. (2002). Leadership in Malaysia: Traditional values, international outlook. The Academy of Management Executive16(3), 15-26.

Szabo, E., Brodbeck, F. C., Den Hartog, D. N., Reber, G., Weibler, J., & Wunderer, R. (2002). The Germanic Europe cluster: where employees have a voice. Journal of World Business, 37(1), 55-68.


House, R.J., Hanges, P.J., Ruiz-Quintanilla, S.A., Dorfman, P.W., Javidan, M., Dickson, M., and about 170 GLOBE Country Co-Investigators. Cultural influences on leadership and organizations: The GLOBE Project. Figures. GLOBE’s first publication is a book chapter describing the development of the GLOBE project, the structure of the GLOBE research group, and a description of some initial results. This chapter will appear as the lead article in the first volume of Bill Mobley’s JAI series entitled “Advances in Global Leadership.”

Bajdo, L. M., & Dickson, M. W. (2001). Perceptions of organizational culture and women's advancement in organizations: A cross-cultural examination. Sex Roles, 45(5-6), 399-414.

Dastmalchian, A., Javidan, M., & Alam, K. (2001). Effective leadership and culture in Iran: An empirical study. Applied Psychology, 50(4), 532-558.

House, R., Javidan, M., & Dorfman, P. (2001). Project GLOBE: an introduction. Applied Psychology, 50(4), 489-505.

Javidan, M., & House, R. J. (2001). Cultural acumen for the global manager: Lessons from Project GLOBE. Organizational Dynamics, 29(4), 289-305.

Kabasakal, H., & Dastmalchian, A. (2001). Introduction to the special issue on leadership and culture in the Middle East. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 50 (4), 479-488

Szabo, E., Reber, G., Weibler, J., Brodbeck, F. C., & Wunderer, R. (2001). Values and behavior orientation in leadership studies: Reflections based on findings in three German-speaking countries. The Leadership Quarterly, 12(2), 219-244.


Dickson, M. W., Aditya, R. N., & Chhokar, J. S. (2000). Definition and interpretation in cross-cultural organizational culture research: Some pointers from the GLOBE research program. In N. Ashkanasy, C. Wilderom, & M. Petersen (Eds.), Handbook of Organizational Culture and Climate, (pp. 447-464). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Ashkanasy, N. M., Trevor-Roberts, E., & Kennedy, J. A. (2000). Leadership attributes and cultural values in Australia and New Zealand compared: An initial report based on" globe" data. International Journal of Organisational Behaviour, 2(3), 37-44.

Dickson, M. W., Aditya, R. N., & Chhokar, J. S. (2000). Definition and interpretation in cross-cultural organizational culture research: Some pointers from the GLOBE research program. Handbook of Organizational Culture and Climate, 447-464.

Mansor, N. (2000). Malaysian culture and the leadership of organisations: A GLOBE study. Malaysian Management Review, 35, 42-53.

Kennedy, J. (2000). Leadership in New Zealand: findings of the GLOBE study. International Journal of Organisational Behaviour, 2(4), 45-52.


House, R. J., Hanges, P. J., Ruiz-Quintanilla, S. A., Dorfman, P.W., Javidan, M., Dickson, M. W., et al. (1999). Cultural Influences on Leadership: Project GLOBE. In W. Mobley, J. Gessner, & V. Arnold (Eds.), Advances In Global Leadership, (Vol. 1, pp. 171-233). Stamford, CT: JAI Press.

House, R. J., Hanges, P., Ruiz-Quintanilla, S. A., Dorfman, P. W., Javidan, M., Dicksone, M, Gupta, V., Brodbeck, F. C., et al. (1999). Cultural influences on leadership and organizations: Project GLOBE. In W. Mobley, M. J. Gessner, & V. Arnold (Eds.). Advances in Global Leadership (Vol. 1, pp.171-234). Stamford, CN: JAI Press.

House, R. J., Hanges, P.J., Ruiz-Quintanilla, S. A., Dorfman, P.W., Javidan,M., Dickson, M.W., Gupta, et al. (1999). Cultural influences on leadership and organizations: Project GLOBE. In W. H. Mobley, M. J.Gessner, & V. Arnold. (Eds.), Advances in Global Leadership. (pp.171-233). Stamford, CN: JAI.

Den Hartog, D. N., House, R. J., Hanges, P. J., Ruiz-Quintanilla, S. A., & Dorfman, P. W. (1999). Culture specific and cross-culturally generalizable implicit leadership theories: Are attributes of charismatic/transformational leadership universally endorsed? The Leadership Quarterly, 10(2), 219-256.

House, R. J., Hanges, P. J., Ruiz-Quintanilla, S. A., Dorfman, P. W., Javidan, M., Dickson, M., & Gupta, V. (1999). Cultural influences on leadership and organizations: Project GLOBE. Advances in Global Leadership, 1(2), 171-233.

Koopman, P. L., Den Hartog, D. N., Konrad, E., & al, E. (1999). National culture and leadership profiles in Europe: Some results from the GLOBE study. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 8(4), 503-520.


House, R. J. (1998). A brief history of GLOBE. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 13(3/4), 230-240.

Teagarden, M. B. (1998). Unbundling the intellectual joint venture process: The case of multinational, multifunctional interdisciplinary research consortia. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 13(3/4), 178-187.

Trevor-Roberts, E. D. (1998). A comparative study of leadership and culture in Australia and New Zealand. Honours Thesis, Graduate School of Management, The University of Queensland.


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